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  • 雨枫轩原创文学网 - 纯净的绿色文学家园 !

    雨枫轩

    倾覆之船

    时间:2019-09-27来源:网友提供 作者:利维 点击:
    倾覆之船

     
      我曾在某本书里读过一个故事:
     
      一群旅客乘坐一条船旅行,一天夜里,他们听到隔壁舱里有奇怪的响声,这些好奇的旅客去了那个房间,发现有人正在里面挖洞!大家惊慌失措:“你在做什么?你这么做,我们的船会沉的!”那个人却说:“这里是我的房间,我挖我的洞,和你们有什么关系?!”故事的最后,人们把这个疯狂的家伙绑起来关在一个密闭的牢房里。其中的道理不言而喻,人不能随心所欲做自己想做的事情,因为你得设想这件事情是否会给其他人造成困扰。
     
      我们可以修改一下这个故事。同样是这群旅客在船上旅行,忽然大家觉得船正在倾覆,然后旅客们寻找船上发生损坏的地方。他们跑到一个旅客房间里,发现他那里漏了一个洞,正在汩汩冒水,这个旅客竟然还在那里悠闲地读报纸。大家当然发疯似的指责那个人,然而他却说:“这个洞又不是我挖的,和我有什么关系?!”大家可以猜到,这样的修改是为了告诉读者,我们活在这个世界上,应作为社会的成员而生活,我们不仅为自己活着,更应在与同胞的相处上担负许多责任。
     
      我喜欢对着同一个故事,反复做各种修改,例如在第三次修改中,故事可能是这样的:
     
      听到动静的旅客跑去那个正在挖洞的人的房间,对他说:“你正在做什么?你这么做,我们的船会沉的!”而那个人却说:“我被船长以盗窃罪关了很久,事实上,我是无辜的。因此,我挖洞以便潜水跑出去,我只是在为自己的权利做斗争!”或者,那个人对惊慌失措的旅客们说:“瞧!我这里有一条从渔夫那里得到的鱼,我希望把它放生,我在船板上挖一个洞,好把它放生!”
     
      在第一个故事里,我们都会觉得那个挖洞者可怕,但如果这个故事再复杂一点,我们在其中附加很多额外细节,那么,我们就开始忽视它的荒诞。我们有各种理由,也许这些理由是正义的,也许这个理由是道德的,但它们的本质没有任何变化——那个旅客仍然是在挖一个洞,他的行为很可能令整条船倾覆。但我总觉得第三次的修改,会让我产生一种恍惚的印象,我对那个疯狂旅客的反感没有之前那么强烈了,正如我上面所说的那样,仅仅因为他给自己附加了一个“合理”或“合情”的理由。
     
      但是,结果都一样:船会倾覆。不知是否会有人原谅第三个故事里的荒诞。坦率地说,我对这种不由自主的宽容或谅解,感到一丝隐隐的毛骨悚然。
     
      总是听周围的人说,我们凭自己无法改变社会,所以我们不需要为社会的很多事情承担责任。但事实是:我们每一个人,构成了当下的这个社会。
     
      我们每个人都在自己房间里挖洞,而我们却对周围的人说:“这和你们无关,我只是在我自己的房间挖洞而已!”或者,我们对周围的人说:“我是在为自己的权利做斗争!”或者,我们对周围的人说:“我在做着道德的事情!”
     
      我们也许很难强迫其他人做“正确的事情”,但我们必须为自己的选择负责。假设那个疯狂的旅客仍然继续自己的行为,我们却因为某种与生俱来的道德感或自圆其说的合理性,放弃了质疑他的权利,那么我们注定要落入大海。
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